Some wild growing plants in traditional foods of Uzbekistan
Some wild growing plants in traditional foods of Uzbekistan / Olim K. Khojimatov, Gulnara J. Abdiniyazova, Valeriy V. Pak
p. 25-28 ; 28 cm
수록자료: Journal of ethnic foods. Korea foods research institute. Vol.2 No.1(2015 March), p. 25-28 2:1<25 ISSN 2352-6181↔ 저자: Olim K. Khojimatov, Institute of the Gene Pool of Flora and Fauna, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan 저자: Gulnara J. Abdiniyazova, Institute of Natural Sciences of Karakalpak Branch of Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan 저자: Valeriy V. Pak, Institute of the Chemistry of Plant Substances, Academy of Science of the Republic of Uzbekistan
Background The flora in Uzbekistan is extremely rich and diverse due to its biogeographical features such as a sharply continental climate, deserts, and high mountains. Methods The collected data were obtained from the 12 villages of the west (Tashkent region), the southern part of Uzbekistan (Kashkadarya and Surhandarya regions), and Karalpakstan by conducting interviews and through scientific research. Results The selected 39 species from 200 wild growing plants, which are used as food in Uzbekistan, are described. Among these endemic plants are: Allium aflatunense B. Fedtsch., A. motor R. Kam. and Levichev, A. suworowii Regel, A. pskemense B. Fedtsch. (Alliaceae), Dragocephallum spinulosum M. Pop, Hyssopus ferganensis Boriss., Mentha pamiroalaica Boriss., Rheum maximoviczi A. Los. (Polygonaceae), etc. The taxonomical analysis shows that these plants belong to 18 families and 25 genera. Conclusion The collected data represents less than 10% of the plants which are used as a food in Uzbekistan. Analysis of the indigenous plants revealed a number of them which are also used in traditional food in China, Russia, Korea, India, and other countries.