Risk assessment of heavy metals in soil based on the geographic information system-Kriging technique in Anka, Nigeria
Risk assessment of heavy metals in soil based on the geographic information system-Kriging technique in Anka, Nigeria / Onisoya Johnbull, Bassim Abbassi, Richard G. Zytner
p. 150-158 ; 26 cm
수록자료: Environmental engineering research. Korean Society of Environmental Engineers. Vol.24 no.1(2019 Mar.), p. 150-158 24:1<150 ISSN 1226-1025 저자: Onisoya Johnbull, School of Engineering, University of Guelph 저자: Bassim Abbassi, School of Engineering, University of Guelph 저자: Richard G. Zytner, School of Engineering, University of Guelph
Soil contaminated with heavy metals from artisanal gold mining in Anka Local Government Area in Northwestern Nigeria was investigated to evaluate the human health risk as a result of heavy metals. Measured concentration of heavy metals and exposure parameters were used to estimate human carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risk. GIS-based Kriging method was utilized to create a prediction maps of human health risks and probability maps of heavy metals concentrations exceeding their threshold limits. Hazard index calculation showed that 21 out of 23 locations are posing non-cancer risk for children. Adults and children are at high cancer risk in all locations as the total cancer risk exceeded 1×10⁻⁶ (the lower limit CTR value). Kriging model showed that only a very small area in Anka has a hazard index of less than unity and cumulative target risk of less than 1×10⁻⁴, indicating a significant carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks for children. The probability of heavy metals to exceed their threshold concentrations around the study area was also found to be high.