Theranostics and contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging
Theranostics and contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging / Yohan Jeong, Hee Sook Hwang, Kun Na
p. 159-171 ; 30cm
수록자료: Biomaterials research : the official journal of the Korean Society for Biomaterials. Korean Society for Biomaterials. Vol.22 no.3(2018 September), p. 159-171 22:3<159 ISSN 1226-4601↔ 저자: Yohan Jeong, Department of Biotechnology, Center for Photomedicine, The Catholic University of Korea 저자: Hee Sook Hwang, Department of Biotechnology, Center for Photomedicine, The Catholic University of Korea 저자: Kun Na, Department of Biotechnology, Center for Photomedicine, The Catholic University of Korea
Background: Magnetic resonance imaging is one of the diagnostic tools that uses magnetic particles as contrast agents. It is noninvasive methodology which provides excellent spatial resolution. Although magnetic resonance imaging offers great temporal and spatial resolution and rapid in vivo images acquisition, it is less sensitive than other methodologies for small tissue lesions, molecular activity or cellular activities. Thus, there is a desire to develop contrast agents with higher efficiency. Contrast agents are known to shorten both T1 and T2. Gadolinium based contrast agents are examples of T1 agents and iron oxide contrast agents are examples of T2 agents. In order to develop high relaxivity agents, gadolinium or iron oxide-based contrast agents can be synthesized via conjugation with targeting ligands or functional moiety for specific interaction and achieve accumulation of contrast agents at disease sites. Main body: This review discusses the principles of magnetic resonance imaging and recent efforts focused on specificity of contrast agents on specific organs such as liver, blood, lymph nodes, atherosclerotic plaque, and tumor. Furthermore, we will discuss the combination of theranostic such as contrast agent and drug, contrast agent and thermal therapy, contrast agent and photodynamic therapy, and neutron capture therapy, which can provide for cancer diagnosis and therapeutics. Conclusion: These applications of magnetic resonance contrast agents demonstrate the usefulness of theranostic agents for diagnosis and treatment.