Why do people move to cohousing communities in Sweden? : are there any significant differences between the +40 cohousing and the mixed-age cohousing?
Why do people move to cohousing communities in Sweden? : are there any significant differences between the +40 cohousing and the mixed-age cohousing? / Jung Shin Choi
p. 77-86 ; 30 cm
수록자료: Architectural research : Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea. Architectural Institute of Korea. Vol.15 no.2(2013 June), p. 77-86 15:2<77 ISSN 1229-6163 저자: Jung Shin Choi, Professor, Department of Consumer and Housing Studies, The Catholic University of Korea E-MAIL: firstname.lastname@example.org
Cohousing is based on collaborative network, or fictive kin in the community. It could facilitate the goal of self-sufficiency. This research aims to investigate the motivation of move to cohousing communities in Sweden, and to find out if there are any significant differences according to two different cohousing types; between the +40 cohousing and the mixed-age cohousing. The +40 cohousing is a kind of senior cohousing in which residents are supposed to be aged over 40. Questionnaire survey was applied and 242 collected data were analyzed by SPSS statistical program. Notable differences in demographic and dwelling variables are found between the 2 groups. There are more women, singles, academics, and small dwellings in the +40 cohousing than in the mixed-age cohousing. Referring motivation of move, “sharing common activity” and “idea of cohousing” are commonly noticed as the main reasons why people move to cohousing communities. Major difference between the 2 groups is that residents of the +40 cohousing tend to stress more on social interaction with neighbors than practical merit. On the contrary, ones of the mixed-age cohousing focus more on practical advantage than social interaction. As a conclusion, it is evident that motivation of move to cohousing communities is different by cohousing types, which have different residents’ characteristics. Cohousing could contribute to elevate marginal group’s quality of life as an alternative living environment. Therefore, cohousing design has to be tailored to adapt residents’ specific needs of different life-stages. In order to implement cohousing model into other countries, for instance into Korea, it needs to experiment with the notion of transplanting selected cohousing principles to a public housing development. In the mixed-age cohousing where more dual income families with young children than conventional housing developments reside, residents would need more practical advantage than emotional support in the community, while as residents in the senior cohousing need vice versa.