Postoperative peritoneal adhesion is the most common cause of intestinal obstruction, and intestinal obstruction is one of the most difficult problems in abdominal surgery. In this experimental study for developing peritoneal adhesion model and its prevention, we divided rats into 5 groups; the talc powder treated group, the cotton-fluff treated group, the talc+fluff treated group, the ischemia group and the control group. There were 16 rats in each group. We made incisions on the midabdomen of the rats and administered talc powder, cotton fluff and talc powder+fluff into the peritoneal cavity respectively. In the ischemia group, we clamped the root of superior mesenteric artery for two minutes to induce ischemia on the small bowel of the rat. We counted the number of the peritoneal adhesive sites in peritoneal cavity on the 7th, 14th , 21st and 42nd postoperative day after peritoneal adhesion induced operation, and observed the characters of the adhesion state. The average number of the peritoneal adhesions were 1.25 per one rat in the talc powder group, 1.44 in the fluff group, 1.31 in the talc+fluff group and 1.31 in the ischemia group compared with 0.94 per one rat in the control group performed sham operation. 91.6% of the all adhesions were observed on the peritoneum of the previous incision sites and only 8.4% of the adhesions were adhered to the peritoneal surface of non-incision sites. The data of this study suggest that peritoneal injury and inflammatory reaction is the major cause of peritoneal adhesion. Also this study indicates that foreign bodies can develop peritoneal adhesion, but the effect is much lower than that of peritoneal injury with inflammatoty reaction.