This study was attempted to investigate the relationship of the stress factors, Self-Rating Anxiety Scale and self-Rating depression Scale accordind to the general characteristics of subjects and the correlation among stress factors, Self-Rating Anxiety Scale and Self-Rating Depression Scale. Kim et. al's stress measurement tool, and Zung's Self-rating Anxiety Scale and Self-Rating Depression Scale were used from May 1, 1986. to July 31, 1986. and applied to 285 nurses working at the general hospitals in Taejon City. The analysis was tried by SPSS Batch system using ANOVA and Pearson's correlation. The results of this study were summarised as follows: 1. By the age group, work overload and night duty in the 24-29 age group, and unsatisfactory relationship with subordinate in the 20-24 age group were the significant stress facrors among 3 age groups. 2. By the educational level, low reward in the graduates of department of nursing, and unsatisfactory relationship with subordinate, poor treatment and night duty in the graduates of junior college were significant stress factors. 3. By the working place, work overload in the medical departments, and conflict in nurse-doctor relationship in the surgical departments were the significant stress factors. 4. By the years of service, work overload, low reward and night duty were the significant stress factors in 3-4 years of carrier. 5. By the Length of position, work overload, night duty and low reward were the significant stress factors, and the scores of Self-Rating Anxiety Scale was significantly high in the staff nurses. 6. By the motivations to choose nursing science, night duty was the significant stress factor in the motivation of 'wants to help other ' and 'guarantee of employment after graduate' and Self-Rating Depression Scale was significantly high in the motivation of 'wants to help others' and 'by the recommendation of parents and friends'. 7. Relationships among stress factors and Self-Rating Anxiety Scale were highly significant. This was regarded as the result of the interaction of each factors as stressors.