Collection Development Policy

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3. Collection Development Guidelines by Type of Resource

1.1 Basic Guidelines

Collecting levels is a concept that considers the intensity and depth of current levels of collection together with the volition and plans for future collection and preservation. A collecting level is expressed as a numbered level after the volume and quality of the collection has been scrutinized and evaluated, typically based on the conspectus method.

Collecting levels are commonly applied to all collections in any subject area, and reflect in a timely fashion technological changes in digital information that related to all physical collections, commercial databases, and online information resources provided by the Library.

1.2 Collecting Levels

Collecting levels is a concept that considers the intensity and depth of current levels of collection together with the volition and plans for future collection and preservation. A collecting level is expressed as a numbered level after the volume and quality of the collection has been scrutinized and evaluated, typically based on the conspectus method.

Level 1 (Minimal): Resources that are not considered basic resources (such as monographs and reference resources) are not collected. Level 1 collections, similar to basic information level collections, require frequent and systematic evaluation in order to maintain an up-to-date agglomeration of information. Resources that contain outdated information and previously-replaced resources should be removed.

Level 2 (Basic Information): This level refers to the selective collecting of resources that offer or define general outlines and introductory knowledge on specific subjects. Targeted resources include dictionaries, manuals, bibliography databases, main resources, historical investigation resources, and major periodical publications. In order to maintain an up-to-date collection of information, collections must be frequently and systematically evaluated.

Level 3 (Study or Instructional Support): This level refers to the collecting of resources with the aim of systematically compounding and maintaining knowledge in specific subject areas. Targeted resources include a wide range of essential texts, important ancient publications, complete collections of the works of major authors and partial works of selected authors, representative academic journals, relevant data files, reference books, and basic bibliographies. While collections at this level are appropriate for supporting college-level and higher education and satisfying the bulk of academic demands from the public and from special library users, they require systematic evaluation in order to maintain an up-to-date base of information.

Level 4 (Research): This level refers to the collecting of major resources such as research papers necessary for doctoral and independent studies, resources pertaining to new discoveries, results of scientific experimentation, and other information. Targeted resources include academic journals, major journals of indexes and abstracts, key reference books, a wide range of academic books, and major electronic resources. Resources necessary for historical studies need to be adequately preserved, even if the resource involved is antiquated.

Level 5 (Comprehensive): This level refers to comprehensive collecting in a specific subject area regardless of the language, format, and date of publication of the resource. Collecting on this level aims to maintain and provide specialized collections in a particular subject. Therefore, resources for historical studies need to be aggressively preserved, even if they are antiquated.

When the Library assigns one of the five Collecting Levels, the standards for the formats and characteristics of the resources in each subject are determined based on <Table III-1>.

<Table III-1> Criteria for NLK Collecting Levels Based on the Format and Characteristics

Criteria for NLK Collecting Levels Based on the Format and Characteristics
Formats /
char acteristics
Level 1
(Minimal)
Level 2
(Basic Information)
Level 3
(Study or Instructional Support)
Level 4
(Research)
Level 5
(Comprehensive)
Academic Level High School Community College Undergraduate/ Graduate Doctoral Research Post-doctoral Research
Overall Purpose Minimal: Relative Collecting To Introduce and Define Subjects To Satisfy Public Demand To Support Doctoral and Advanced Research Comprehensive Collecting
General Books Highly Limited Collecting Limited Collecting Considerable Collecting Extensive Collecting ˝
Academic Books N/A N/A Selective Collecting ˝ ˝
General Magazines Limited Collecting of Representative Magazines Considerable Collecting
Academic Journals N/A Major Academic Journals
Reference Resources Minimal Limited Collecting: Literature Introduction Level Considerable Collecting
Electronic Resources Collecting of Noncommercial Resources Selective Collecting of Resources from Commercial or Free Networks Wide-ranging Approach to Commercial and Online Resources
Duplicates N/A N/A N/A Minimal Collecting Extensive Collecting
Language(s) Korean Korean, Chinese, Japanese, English Korean, Chinese, Japanese, English, and more Considerable Collecting
Preservation Level To be Discarded of When Invalid Partial Discard and Repairs Retention and Archiving of Intellectual Content Retention and Preservation of Original Formats Retention and Preservation of Original Formats
Percentage of New Publications Under 5% 5% to Under 10% 10% to Under 25% 25% to Under 75% 75% to 100%

The Library’s mid- to long-term collecting levels are assigned to each subject (field) of the ten main KDC classes as listed in <Table III-2>. The collecting levels of the subordinate subjects within each main class are detailed in the developmental guidelines for each subject.

<Table III-2> NLK Collecting Levels by Subject and Medium

Criteria for NLK Collecting Levels Based on the Format and Characteristics
Subjects Analogue
Domestic
Foreign Digital Domestic
Off-line
On-line Foreign Off-line On-line
General Class 5 3 5 3 3 3
Philosophy 5 4 5 3 4 3
Religion 5 3 5 3 4 3
Social Sciences 5 4 5 3 4 3
Natural Sciences 5 4 5 3 4 3
Technology 5 4 5 3 4 3
Arts 5 4 5 3 4 3
Language 5 4 5 3 4 3
Literature 5 4 5 3 4 3
History 5 4 5 3 4 3

* 1: Minimal, 2: Basic Information, 3: Study or Instructional Support, 4: Research, 5: Comprehensive